Jõulud Suurbritannias ja Eestis
Tekstidokument inglise keeles Briti ja Eesti jõuludest.
The custom of gift-giving on Christmas dates only to Victorian times. Before then it was more common to exchange gifts on New Year's Day or Twelfth Night. Santa Claus is known by British children as Father Christmas. Father Christmas, these days, is quite similar to the American Santa, but his direct ancestor is a certain pagan spirit who regularly appeared in medieval mummer's plays. The old-fashioned Father Christmas was depicted wearing long robes with sprigs of holly in his long white hair. Children write letters to Father Christmas detailing their requests, but instead of dropping them in the mailbox, the letters are tossed into the fireplace. The draft carries the letters up the chimney, and theoretically, Father Christmas reads the smoke. Gifts are opened Christmas afternoon.
Christmas celebrations in Estonia are a mixture of the traditional, the modern, the secular, and the religious. Like in other Nordic states, Estonians celebrate Christmas Eve with great pomp and vigor. Christmas season officially starts with Advent. Most of the Estonian homes have an Advent wreath and an Advent Calendar. Christmas in Estonia means two things to the people. Firstly, it mark's the birth of Jesus Christ and secondly it signifies whole period of mid-winter holidays. Christmas in Estonia has some pagan influences. A tradition of making special Christmas crowns, imitating the church chandeliers, is present among the Estonians.
inglise keel, jõulud, celebrating